Genital tuberculosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Genital tuberculosis is a type of tuberculosis that affects the reproductive organs of both men and women. It is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is the same bacteria that causes pulmonary tuberculosis. Genital tuberculosis is a common form of tuberculosis, but it is still a serious health concern, as it can lead to infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and other reproductive problems.

Genital tuberculosis is spread through sexual contact with an infected person, or through contact with contaminated objects such as bedding or clothing. It can also be spread through the air, so it is possible to contract it from someone who has pulmonary tuberculosis. The bacteria can also be spread from mother to baby during childbirth.

It is important to note that genital tuberculosis is not the same as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Genital tuberculosis is caused by the same bacteria that causes pulmonary tuberculosis, and is not necessarily spread through sexual contact. However, it is still important to practice safe sex, as STIs can increase the risk of contracting genital tuberculosis.

Symptoms of Genital tuberculosis

 Symptoms of genital tuberculosis can vary depending on the gender of the infected person, but some of the more common symptoms include pelvic pain, painful intercourse, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. 

In men, symptoms of genital tuberculosis may include pain in the scrotum, testicular swelling, and a discharge from the penis. In some cases, men may also experience a decrease in libido or erectile dysfunction. 

In women, symptoms of genital tuberculosis may include pelvic pain, painful intercourse, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. Women may also experience irregular menstrual cycles, pain during urination, and a discharge from the vagina. In some cases, women may also experience a fever and fatigue. If you suspect that you may have tb in the uterus then you should go for tb in uterus treatment.

In both men and women, genital tuberculosis can cause infertility if left untreated. Other complications can include an abscess in the reproductive organs, an infection of the urinary tract, and an increased risk of HIV infection. 

Causes of Genital tuberculosis

It is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is the same bacteria that causes the more common form of tuberculosis. Genital tuberculosis can cause severe symptoms and can lead to infertility if not treated properly.

The most common cause of genital tuberculosis is through sexual contact with an infected partner. This is because the bacteria can be spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, or through contact with an infected person’s genital secretions. Other ways that the bacteria can be spread include through sharing of contaminated needles or through the inhalation of infected droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. Genital tuberculosis can also be caused by an infected mother passing the bacteria to her unborn baby during childbirth. This is known as vertical transmission, and is more common in countries with high rates of tuberculosis. Genital tuberculosis can cause a wide range of symptoms, including pelvic pain, vaginal discharge, irregular menstrual cycles, and infertility. If left untreated, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs, kidneys, and brain. In some cases, it can even lead to death.

Diagnosis of Genital tuberculosis

The diagnosis of genital TB is based on a combination of clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings. Clinical findings include pelvic pain, fever, and abnormal vaginal discharge. Laboratory tests such as blood and urine tests can be used to detect the presence of the TB bacteria. Imaging studies such as ultrasound and CT scans can be used to detect the presence of abscesses or other signs of TB in the genital organs.

In some cases, a laparoscopy may be required to further evaluate the pelvic organs. During a laparoscopy, a thin, lighted tube is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to allow the doctor to view the pelvic organs and take tissue samples for biopsy. The biopsy results can be used to identify the presence of TB bacteria and determine the best course of treatment.

Genital TB can be a serious infection, so it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you experience any of the symptoms described above. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to preventing complications and long-term health problems.

Treatments of Genital tuberculosis

Treatment for genital TB usually involves a combination of antibiotics and other medications. Antibiotics are usually prescribed for six to eight months to ensure that the infection is completely eliminated. In some cases, additional medications such as corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation.

Surgery may also be necessary in some cases to remove any affected tissue or organs. In women, this may include the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. In men, the affected testicles may need to be removed.

In addition to medical treatment, lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of developing genital TB. This includes avoiding contact with people who have TB, practicing safe sex, and not sharing needles. It is also important to maintain good hygiene, avoid smoking, and get plenty of rest.

Genital TB is a serious infection, but it is curable with proper treatment. With the right combination of antibiotics, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery, genital TB can be cured. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you experience any symptoms of genital TB.


Genital tuberculosis is a serious medical condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. It is a common cause of infertility in both men and women and can cause significant physical and psychological distress. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are essential for successful management of the condition. you should be aware of the signs and symptoms of genital tuberculosis and seek medical advice if they experience any of them. With proper management, genital tuberculosis can be successfully treated and the patient can be restored to health. The best gynecologist in India at Queen’s Gynecology treats the condition in the best possible way. The cost of tb in uterus treatment depends upon many factors, and you can visit the clinic to know all about it. 


  1. Is genital TB curable?

Yes, genital tuberculosis is curable with a course of antibiotics. Treatment typically involves a combination of antibiotics taken for several months.

  1. How do you identify genital tuberculosis?

Genital tuberculosis can be identified through a physical examination and laboratory tests. During a physical examination, a doctor may look for signs of infection such as a genital rash or swelling. Laboratory tests, such as a tuberculosis skin test, sputum test can be used to diagnose the infection. In some cases, a doctor may also take a sample of tissue from the genital area to test for the presence of the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.

  1. Is genital TB life threatening?

Yes, genital TB can be life threatening if left untreated. It can cause serious complications such as infertility, abscesses, and even death. It is important to seek medical attention if you think you may have contracted genital TB.

  1. Does TB affect female fertility?

Yes, TB can affect female fertility. TB can cause scarring in the fallopian tubes, which can lead to infertility. Additionally, TB can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which can also lead to infertility.

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